The Logic of Scientific Discovery

The Logic of Scientific Discovery Author Karl Raimund Popper
ISBN-10 0415278449
Release 2002
Pages 513
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Described by the philosopher A.J. Ayer as a work of 'great originality and power', this book revolutionized contemporary thinking on science and knowledge. Ideas such as the now legendary doctrine of 'falsificationism' electrified the scientific community, influencing even working scientists, as well as post-war philosophy. This astonishing work ranks alongside The Open Society and Its Enemies as one of Popper's most enduring books and contains insights and arguments that demand to be read to this day.

Conjectures and Refutations

Conjectures and Refutations Author Karl Popper
ISBN-10 9781135971373
Release 2014-05-01
Pages 608
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Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.

The Two Fundamental Problems of the Theory of Knowledge

The Two Fundamental Problems of the Theory of Knowledge Author Karl Popper
ISBN-10 9781135626839
Release 2014-05-01
Pages 544
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In a letter of 1932, Karl Popper described Die beiden Grundprobleme der Erkenntnistheorie – The Two Fundamental Problems of the Theory of Knowledge – as ‘...a child of crises, above all of ...the crisis of physics.’ Finally available in English, it is a major contribution to the philosophy of science, epistemology and twentieth century philosophy generally. The two fundamental problems of knowledge that lie at the centre of the book are the problem of induction, that although we are able to observe only a limited number of particular events, science nevertheless advances unrestricted universal statements; and the problem of demarcation, which asks for a separating line between empirical science and non-science. Popper seeks to solve these two basic problems with his celebrated theory of falsifiability, arguing that the inferences made in science are not inductive but deductive; science does not start with observations and proceed to generalise them but with problems, which it attacks with bold conjectures. The Two Fundamental Problems of the Theory of Knowledge is essential reading for anyone interested in Karl Popper, in the history and philosophy of science, and in the methods and theories of science itself.

Realism and the Aim of Science

Realism and the Aim of Science Author Karl Raimund Popper
ISBN-10 UOM:39015046380609
Release 1983
Pages 420
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All Life is Problem Solving

All Life is Problem Solving Author Karl Popper
ISBN-10 9781135972981
Release 2013-04-15
Pages 190
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'Never before has there been so many and such dreadful weapons in so many irresponsible hands.' - Karl Popper, from the Preface All Life is Problem Solving is a stimulating and provocative selection of Popper's writings on his main preoccupations during the last twenty-five years of his life. This collection illuminates Popper's process of working out key formulations in his theory of science, and indicates his view of the state of the world at the end of the Cold War and after the collapse of communism.

Common Sense Science and Scepticism

Common Sense  Science and Scepticism Author Alan Musgrave
ISBN-10 0521436257
Release 1993-02-11
Pages 310
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Can we know anything for certain? There are those who think we can (traditionally labeled the "dogmatists") and those who think we cannot (traditionally labeled the "skeptics"). The theory of knowledge, or epistemology, is the great debate between the two. This book is an introductory and historically-based survey of the debate. It sides for the most part with the skeptics. It also develops out of skepticism a third view, fallibilism or critical rationalism, which incorporates an uncompromising realism about perception, science, and the nature of truth.

The SAGE Handbook of Process Organization Studies

The SAGE Handbook of Process Organization Studies Author Ann Langley
ISBN-10 9781473959217
Release 2016-11-22
Pages 678
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The SAGE Handbook of Process Organization Studies provides a comprehensive and timely overview of the field. This volume offers a compendium of perspectives on process thinking, process organizational theory, process research methodology and empirical applications. The emphasis is on a combination of pedagogical contributions and in-depth reviews of current thinking and research in each of the selected areas, combined with the development of agendas for future research. The Handbook is divided into five sections: Part One: Process Philosophy Part Two: Process Theory Part Three: Process Methodology Part Four: Process Applications Part Five: Process Perspectives

Explaining the Brain

Explaining the Brain Author Carl F. Craver
ISBN-10 9780199299317
Release 2007-06-07
Pages 308
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Carl Craver investigates what we are doing when we use neuroscience to explain what>'s going on in the brain. When does an explanation succeed and when does it fail? Craver offers explicit standards for successful explanation of the workings of the brain, on the basis of a systematic view about what neuroscientific explanations are: they are descriptions of mechanisms.

A pocket Popper

A pocket Popper Author Sir Karl Raimund Popper
ISBN-10 UCSC:32106011662936
Release 1983-08-29
Pages 479
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A pocket Popper has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from A pocket Popper also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full A pocket Popper book for free.

Philosophy of Science Very Short Introduction

Philosophy of Science  Very Short Introduction Author Samir Okasha
ISBN-10 9780198745587
Release 2016-07-28
Pages 160
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How much faith should we place in what scientists tell us? Is it possible for scientific knowledge to be fully 'objective'? What, really, can be defined as science? In the second edition of this Very Short Introduction, Samir Okasha explores the main themes and theories of contemporary philosophy of science, and investigates fascinating, challenging questions such as these. Starting at the very beginning, with a concise overview of the history of science, Okasha examines the nature of fundamental practices such as reasoning, causation, and explanation. Looking at scientific revolutions and the issue of scientific change, he asks whether there is a discernible pattern to the way scientific ideas change over time, and discusses realist versus anti-realist attitudes towards science. He finishes by considering science today, and the social and ethical philosophical questions surrounding modern science. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge Volume 4

Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge  Volume 4 Author Imre Lakatos (ed)
ISBN-10 0521096235
Release 1970-09-02
Pages 282
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This volume arose out of a symposium on Thomas Kuhn's work, with Karl Popper in the chair.

The Road Since Structure

The Road Since Structure Author Thomas S. Kuhn
ISBN-10 0226457982
Release 2000-11-01
Pages 335
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Divided into three parts, this work is a record of the direction Kuhn was taking during the last two decades of his life. It consists of essays in which he refines the basic concepts set forth in "Structure" - paradigm shifts, incommensurability, and the nature of scientific progress.

A Biography of Paul Berg

A Biography of Paul Berg Author Errol C Friedberg
ISBN-10 9789814569064
Release 2014-06-17
Pages 444
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With a Foreword writer Sydney Brenner (Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine, 2002) This biography details the life of Paul Berg (Emeritus Professor at Stanford University), tracing Berg's life from birth, in 1926, to the present, with special emphasis on his enormous scientific contributions, including being the first to develop technology that led to gene cloning science. In 1980, Berg received a Nobel Prize in chemistry for this work. In addition to his contributions in the research laboratory, Berg orchestrated and oversaw a historic meeting at Asilomar, California that centered on a threatening controversy surrounding the perception by some of the harmful potential of recombinant DNA technology. This meeting did much to forestall this controversy and to put in place the regulation of recombinant DNA work, thus putting fears to rest. The recombinant DNA controversy was a historic outcome of the discovery of gene cloning. Notably, it represented a paramount example of scientific foresight and due diligence by the scientific community, rather than by regulatory entities in the United States and many other countries. The ultimate acceptance of gene/DNA cloning led to a new era of modern biology that thrives to the present. This book is aimed primarily at scientists and those in training. The book strives to simply provide information for the general reader, but is not specifically tailored for a general reading audience. While many books cover the recombinant DNA controversy, none have satisfactorily addressed this historic period and are often contradictory about the many who's, where's, and why's involved. Additionally, the great majority of these were written by non-scientists. This biography of Paul Berg provides access to numerous archived letters and documents at Stanford University not previously addressed, and to the chronology of events as recalled and documented by him, as well as other key personalities, many of whom were interviewed. Contents:Part I:Growing Up in BrooklynThe Essential Paul BergCollege — and World War IIWestern Reserve UniversityCopenhagenPart II:Washington University, St. LouisDiscovering Transfer RNAStanford University — and Its Refurbished Department of BiochemistryTranscription and Translation: New DirectionsPart III:Making Recombinant DNA — The First Faltering StepsMaking Recombinant DNA — A Major BreakthroughEcoRI Restriction Endonuclease — A Major Breakthrough“Coincidence is the Word We Use When We Can't See the Levers and Pulleys”Yet Another Stanford ContributionPart IV:An Historic Meeting in HawaiiThe Recombinant DNA ControversyA Momentous Gordon Research ConferenceMaking Recombinant Molecules with Frog DNAThe Controversy Heats UpAsilomar IIThe Dissenters: A Different Point of ViewThe AftermathLegislative and Revisionist Challenges to Recombinant DNAAsilomar II — Lessons LearnedPart V:The Nobel Prize in ChemistryCommercializing the TechnologyLife Goes onThe “Retirement” YearsPublic Policy Issues — and Other InterestsPersonal Challenges Readership: Researchers, graduate students, undergraduates in life sciences, medicine and chemistry and interested lay public. Keywords:Recombinant DNA;Paul Berg;Stanford University;Errol Friedberg;DNA;tRNA;Asilomar Meeting Western Reserve University;Stanley Cohen Gene Cloning;Nobel PrizeReviews: “This is a great and very readable story of a renowned biochemist moving outside his comfort zone to provide needed leadership at a time of national turmoil. Friedberg takes us from Berg's beginnings in Brooklyn in an immigrant Yiddish-speaking family to his receipt of the Nobel Prize. He also describes Berg's guidance of a process of public acceptance of a revolutionary scientific advance — Recombinant DNA technology — that appeared to be hazardous because it was so innovative. The book reads easily, with enough technical discussion to be informative without being too demanding. It also includes an insightful investigation of the mystery of who actually deserves credit for making the technology a reality, which will fascinate other scientists and anyone who cares about the history of science and technology.” David Baltimore Nobel Laureate “Friedberg's book is a valuable addition to the literature on the scientific development of recombinant DNA technology, particularly the interactions among the numerous scientists involved who jockeyed for priority. It also details the life and times of one of the most outstanding biochemists this country has ever produced. ” DNA Repair

Unended Quest

Unended Quest Author Karl Popper
ISBN-10 9781134449712
Release 2005-09-29
Pages 328
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At the age of eight, Karl Popper was puzzling over the idea of infinity and by fifteen was beginning to take a keen interest in his father's well-stocked library of books. Unended Quest recounts these moments and many others in the life of one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century, providing an indispensable account of the ideas that influenced him most. As an introduction to Popper's philosophy, Unended Quest also shines. Popper lucidly explains the central ideas in his work, making this book ideal for anyone coming to Popper's life and work for the first time.

The Open Society and Its Enemies

The Open Society and Its Enemies Author Karl R. Popper
ISBN-10 9781400846672
Release 2013-04-21
Pages 808
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One of the most important books of the twentieth century, Karl Popper's The Open Society and Its Enemies is an uncompromising defense of liberal democracy and a powerful attack on the intellectual origins of totalitarianism. Popper was born in 1902 to a Viennese family of Jewish origin. He taught in Austria until 1937, when he emigrated to New Zealand in anticipation of the Nazi annexation of Austria the following year, and he settled in England in 1949. Before the annexation, Popper had written mainly about the philosophy of science, but from 1938 until the end of the Second World War he focused his energies on political philosophy, seeking to diagnose the intellectual origins of German and Soviet totalitarianism. The Open Society and Its Enemies was the result. An immediate sensation when it was first published in two volumes in 1945, Popper's monumental achievement has attained legendary status on both the Left and Right and is credited with inspiring anticommunist dissidents during the Cold War. Arguing that the spirit of free, critical inquiry that governs scientific investigation should also apply to politics, Popper traces the roots of an opposite, authoritarian tendency to a tradition represented by Plato, Marx, and Hegel. In a substantial new introduction written for this edition, acclaimed political philosopher Alan Ryan puts Popper's landmark work in biographical, intellectual, and historical context. Also included is a personal essay by eminent art historian E. H. Gombrich, in which he recounts the story of the book's eventual publication despite numerous rejections and wartime deprivations.

Logical Positivism

Logical Positivism Author A.J. Ayer
ISBN-10 9780029011300
Release 1966-01-01
Pages 455
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Edited by a leading exponent of the school, this book offers--in the words of the movement's founders--logical positivism's revolutionary theories on meaning and metaphysics, the nature of logic and mathematics, the foundations of knowledge, the content of psychological propositions, ethics, sociology, and the nature of philosophy itself.

The future of governing

The future of governing Author B. Guy Peters
ISBN-10 UOM:39015053035120
Release 2001-09
Pages 260
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This revised edition includes three new chapters that add valuable analysis and perspective to current debates surrounding the political and administrative change in less-developed countries, the deficiencies of public administration theory, and the ways in which reform begets further reform and creates a belief in the desirability of continuous reform.