The Logic of Scientific Discovery

The Logic of Scientific Discovery Author Karl Popper
ISBN-10 9781134470020
Release 2005-11-04
Pages 480
Download Link Click Here

Described by the philosopher A.J. Ayer as a work of 'great originality and power', this book revolutionized contemporary thinking on science and knowledge. Ideas such as the now legendary doctrine of 'falsificationism' electrified the scientific community, influencing even working scientists, as well as post-war philosophy. This astonishing work ranks alongside The Open Society and Its Enemies as one of Popper's most enduring books and contains insights and arguments that demand to be read to this day.



Bilimsel ara tirmanin manti i

Bilimsel ara  tirmanin manti  i Author Karl R. Popper
ISBN-10 9753634390
Release 2005
Pages 596
Download Link Click Here

Bilimsel ara tirmanin manti i has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Bilimsel ara tirmanin manti i also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Bilimsel ara tirmanin manti i book for free.



Inquiry as Inquiry A Logic of Scientific Discovery

Inquiry as Inquiry  A Logic of Scientific Discovery Author Jaakko Hintikka
ISBN-10 9780792354772
Release 1999-06-30
Pages 290
Download Link Click Here

Is a genuine logic of scientific discovery possible? In the essays collected here, Hintikka not only defends an affirmative answer; he also outlines such a logic. It is the logic of questions and answers. Thus inquiry in the sense of knowledge-seeking becomes inquiry in the sense of interrogation. Using this new logic, Hintikka establishes a result that will undoubtedly be considered the fundamental theorem of all epistemology, viz., the virtual identity of optimal strategies of pure discovery with optimal deductive strategies. Questions to Nature, of course, must include observations and experiments. Hintikka shows, in fact, how the logic of experimental inquiry can be understood from the interrogative vantage point. Other important topics examined include induction (in a forgotten sense that has nevertheless played a role in science), explanation, the incommensurability of theories, theory-ladenness of observations, and identifiability.



The Logic of Scientific Discovery

The Logic of Scientific Discovery Author Lee C. Deighton
ISBN-10 OCLC:959779167
Release 1959
Pages
Download Link Click Here

The Logic of Scientific Discovery has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Logic of Scientific Discovery also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Logic of Scientific Discovery book for free.



Quantum Theory and the Schism in Physics

Quantum Theory and the Schism in Physics Author Karl Popper
ISBN-10 9781135859510
Release 2013-04-15
Pages 256
Download Link Click Here

Quantum Theory and the Schism in Physics is one of the three volumes of Karl Popper’s Postscript to the Logic of scientific Discovery. The Postscript is the culmination of Popper’s work in the philosophy of physics and a new famous attack on subjectivist approaches to philosophy of science. Quantum Theory and the Schism in Physics is the third volume of the Postscript. It may be read independently, but it also forms part of Popper’s interconnected argument in the Postscript. It presents Popper’s classic statement on quantum physics and offers important insights into his thinking on problems of method within science and physics as a whole.



Realism and the Aim of Science

Realism and the Aim of Science Author Karl Popper
ISBN-10 9781135858957
Release 2013-04-15
Pages 464
Download Link Click Here

Realism and the Aim of Science is one of the three volumes of Karl Popper’s Postscript to the Logic of scientific Discovery. The Postscript is the culmination of Popper’s work in the philosophy of physics and a new famous attack on subjectivist approaches to philosophy of science. Realism and the Aim of Science is the first volume of the Postcript. Popper here formulates and explains his non-justificationist theory of knowledge: science aims at true explanatory theories, yet it can never prove, or justify, any theory to be true, not even if is a true theory. Science must continue to question and criticise all its theories, even those that happen to be true. Realism and the Aim of Science presents Popper’s mature statement on scientific knowledge and offers important insights into his thinking on problems of method within science.



Scientific Discovery Logic and Rationality

Scientific Discovery  Logic  and Rationality Author Thomas Nickles
ISBN-10 9789400989863
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 388
Download Link Click Here

It is fast becoming a cliche that scientific discovery is being rediscovered. For two philosophical generations (that of the Founders and that of the Followers of the logical positivist and logical empiricist movements), discovery had been consigned to the domain of the intractable, the ineffable, the inscrutable. The philosophy of science was focused on the so-called context of justification as its proper domain. More recently, as the exclusivity of the logical reconstruc tion program in philosophy of science came under question, and as the critique of justification developed within the framework of logical and epistemological analysis, the old question of scientific discovery, which had been put on the back burner, began to emerge once again. Emphasis on the relation of the history of science to the philosophy of science, and attention to the question of theory change and theory replacement, also served to legitimate a new concern with the origins of scientific change to be found within discovery and invention. How welcome then to see what a wide range of issues and what a broad representation of philosophers and historians of science have been brought together in the present two volumes of the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science! For what these volumes achieve, in effect, is the continuation of a tradition which had once been strong in the philosophy of science - namely, that tradition which addressed the question of scientific discovery as a central question in the understanding of science.



The Open Universe

The Open Universe Author Karl Raimund Popper
ISBN-10 9780415078658
Release 1988
Pages 186
Download Link Click Here

First published in 1988. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



Realism and the Aim of Science

Realism and the Aim of Science Author Karl Raimund Popper
ISBN-10 UOM:39015046380609
Release 1983
Pages 420
Download Link Click Here

Band 1.



Logik der Forschung The logic of scientific discovery dt bers Leonhard Walentik

Logik der Forschung The logic of scientific discovery  dt      bers   Leonhard Walentik Author Karl R. Popper
ISBN-10 OCLC:164173288
Release 1966
Pages
Download Link Click Here

Logik der Forschung The logic of scientific discovery dt bers Leonhard Walentik has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Logik der Forschung The logic of scientific discovery dt bers Leonhard Walentik also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Logik der Forschung The logic of scientific discovery dt bers Leonhard Walentik book for free.



The Open Society and Its Enemies

The Open Society and Its Enemies Author Karl R. Popper
ISBN-10 9781400846672
Release 2013-04-21
Pages 808
Download Link Click Here

One of the most important books of the twentieth century, Karl Popper's The Open Society and Its Enemies is an uncompromising defense of liberal democracy and a powerful attack on the intellectual origins of totalitarianism. Popper was born in 1902 to a Viennese family of Jewish origin. He taught in Austria until 1937, when he emigrated to New Zealand in anticipation of the Nazi annexation of Austria the following year, and he settled in England in 1949. Before the annexation, Popper had written mainly about the philosophy of science, but from 1938 until the end of the Second World War he focused his energies on political philosophy, seeking to diagnose the intellectual origins of German and Soviet totalitarianism. The Open Society and Its Enemies was the result. An immediate sensation when it was first published in two volumes in 1945, Popper's monumental achievement has attained legendary status on both the Left and Right and is credited with inspiring anticommunist dissidents during the Cold War. Arguing that the spirit of free, critical inquiry that governs scientific investigation should also apply to politics, Popper traces the roots of an opposite, authoritarian tendency to a tradition represented by Plato, Marx, and Hegel. In a substantial new introduction written for this edition, acclaimed political philosopher Alan Ryan puts Popper's landmark work in biographical, intellectual, and historical context. Also included is a personal essay by eminent art historian E. H. Gombrich, in which he recounts the story of the book's eventual publication despite numerous rejections and wartime deprivations.



Scientific Discovery Case Studies

Scientific Discovery  Case Studies Author Thomas Nickles
ISBN-10 9789400990159
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 382
Download Link Click Here

The history of science is articulated by moments of discovery. Yet, these 'moments' are not simple or isolated events in science. Just as a scientific discovery illuminates our understanding of nature or of society, and reveals new connections among phenomena, so too does the history of scientific activity and the analysis of scientific reasoning illuminate the processes which give rise to moments of discovery and the complex network of consequences which follow upon such moments. Understanding discovery has not been, until recently, a major concern of modem philosophy of science. Whether the act of discoyery was regarded as mysterious and inexplicable, or obvious and in no need of explanation, modem philosophy of science in effect bracketed the question. It concentrated instead on the logic of scientific explanation or on the issues of validation or justification of scientific theories or laws. The recent revival of interest in the context of discovery, indeed in the acts of discovery, on the part of philosophers and historians of science, represents no one particular method'ological or philosophical orientation. It proceeds as much from an empiricist and analytical approach as from a sociological or historical one; from considerations of the logic of science as much as from the alogical or extralogical contexts of scientific tho'¢tt and practice. But, in general, this new interest focuses sharply on the actual historical and contem porary cases of scientific discovery, and on an examination of the act or moment of discovery in situ.



A k toplum ve d manlar

   A    k    toplum ve d    manlar  Author Karl R. Popper
ISBN-10 OCLC:742181245
Release 1989
Pages
Download Link Click Here

A k toplum ve d manlar has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from A k toplum ve d manlar also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full A k toplum ve d manlar book for free.



The Logic of Discovery

The Logic of Discovery Author S. Kleiner
ISBN-10 9789401582162
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 340
Download Link Click Here

Scientific research is viewed as a deliberate activity and the logic of discovery consists of strategies and arguments whereby the best objectives (questions) and optimal means for achieving these objectives (heuristics) are chosen. This book includes a discussion and some proposals regarding the way the logic of questions can be applied to understanding scientific research and draws upon work in artificial intelligence in a discussion of heuristics and methods for appraising heuristics (metaheuristics). It also includes a discussion of a third source for scientific objectives and heuristics; episodes and examplars from the history of science and the history of philosophy. This book is written to be accessible to advanced students in philosophy and to the scientific community. It is of interest to philosophers of science, philosophers of biology, historians of physics, and historians of biology.



Kuhn Vs Popper

Kuhn Vs  Popper Author Steve Fuller
ISBN-10 0231134282
Release 2004
Pages 143
Download Link Click Here

Although Thomas Kuhn and Karl Popper debated the nature of science only once, the legacy of this encounter has dominated intellectual and public discussions on the topic ever since. Kuhn's relativistic vision of science as just another human activity, like art or philosophy, triumphed over Popper's more positivistic belief in revolutionary discoveries and the superiority of scientific provability. Steve Fuller argues that not only has Kuhn's dominance had an adverse impact on the field but both thinkers have been radically misinterpreted in the process.



The Twenty Greatest Philosophy Books

The Twenty Greatest Philosophy Books Author James Garvey
ISBN-10 0826490549
Release 2006-12-24
Pages 181
Download Link Click Here

A witty and intelligent introduction to the top twenty philosophy books of all time



Discovery and Explanation in Biology and Medicine

Discovery and Explanation in Biology and Medicine Author Kenneth F. Schaffner
ISBN-10 0226735923
Release 1993-01
Pages 617
Download Link Click Here

Kenneth F. Schaffner compares the practice of biological and medical research and shows how traditional topics in philosophy of science—such as the nature of theories and of explanation—can illuminate the life sciences. While Schaffner pays some attention to the conceptual questions of evolutionary biology, his chief focus is on the examples that immunology, human genetics, neuroscience, and internal medicine provide for examinations of the way scientists develop, examine, test, and apply theories. Although traditional philosophy of science has regarded scientific discovery—the questions of creativity in science—as a subject for psychological rather than philosophical study, Schaffner argues that recent work in cognitive science and artificial intelligence enables researchers to rationally analyze the nature of discovery. As a philosopher of science who holds an M.D., he has examined biomedical work from the inside and uses detailed examples from the entire range of the life sciences to support the semantic approach to scientific theories, addressing whether there are "laws" in the life sciences as there are in the physical sciences. Schaffner's novel use of philosophical tools to deal with scientific research in all of its complexity provides a distinctive angle on basic questions of scientific evaluation and explanation.