Layered

Layered Author Tessa Huff
ISBN-10 9781613129432
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 288
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It’s time to venture beyond vanilla and chocolate and take your baking skills up a notch. We’re talking layers—two, three, four, or more! Create sky-high, bakery-quality treats at home with Tessa Huff’s 150 innovative recipes, which combine new and exciting flavors of cake, fillings, and frostings—everything from pink peppercorn cherry to bourbon butterscotch, and pumpkin vanilla chai to riesling rhubarb and raspberry chocolate stout. Including contemporary baking methods and industry tips and tricks, Layered covers every decorating technique you’ll ever need with simple instructions and gorgeous step-by-step photos that speak to bakers of every skill level—and to anyone who wants to transform dessert into layer upon layer of edible art.



Layered Double Hydroxides

Layered Double Hydroxides Author Vicente Rives
ISBN-10 1590330609
Release 2001
Pages 439
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Layered double hydroxides are one of the variety of names given to a family of layered materials first discovered in Sweden in 1842. These materials are interesting because their layer cations can be changed among a wide selection, and the interlayer anion can also be (nearly) freely chosen. Like cationic clays, they can be pillared and can exchange interlayer species -- thus increasing applications and making new routes to derivatives. The principle areas of application include catalyst support, anion scavengers, polymer stabilisers, and antacids. In the last several years, reviews and studies of LDHs have dealt with these uses. This book aims to update the current body of LDH knowledge from a wide array of views. The first section addresses the synthesis and physiochemical characterisation of these materials, and section two focuses on the applications of LDHs.



Layered Double Hydroxides

Layered Double Hydroxides Author Xue Duan
ISBN-10 3540282793
Release 2006-01-12
Pages 234
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D.G. Evans, R.C.T. Slade: Structural Aspects of Layered Double Hydroxides.- J. He, M. Wei, B. Li, Y. Kang, D.G. Evans, X. Duan: Preparation of Layered Double Hydroxides.- C. Taviot-Gueho, F. Leroux: In Situ Polymerization and Intercalation of Polymers in Layered Double Hydroxides.- G.R. Williams, A.I. Khan, D. O'Hare: Mechanistic and Kinetic Studies of Guest Ion Intercalation into Layered Double Hydroxides Using Time-Resolved, In-Situ X-Ray Powder Diffraction.- F. Li, X. Duan: Applications of Layered Double Hydroxides



Optical Waves in Layered Media

Optical Waves in Layered Media Author Pochi Yeh
ISBN-10 0471731927
Release 2005-03-03
Pages 416
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Optical Waves in Layered Media presents a clear picture of the propagation of optical waves in layered media and teaches the reader how to design and analyze optical devices using such media. Starting from the simplest case of plane wave propagation in homogeneous media, the author introduces a new matrix method for studying the optical properties of multilayer structures consisting of isotropic materials. He then describes propagation in anisotropic layered media and in inhomogeneous layers, guided waves, the coupling of modes, and the optical properties of superlattices and quantum wells. Optical Waves in Layered Media bridges the gap between theory and practice by means of numerical examples based on real-life situations.



Magnetic Properties of Layered Transition Metal Compounds

Magnetic Properties of Layered Transition Metal Compounds Author L.J. de Jongh
ISBN-10 0792302389
Release 1990-04-30
Pages 419
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In the last two decades low-dimensional (low-d) physics has matured into a major branch of science. Quite generally we may define a system with restricted dimensionality d as an object that is infinite only in one or two spatial directions (d = 1 and 2). Such a definition comprises isolated single chains or layers, but also fibres and thin layers (films) of varying but finite thickness. Clearly, a multitude of physical phenomena, notably in solid state physics, fall into these categories. As examples, we may mention: • Magnetic chains or layers (thin-film technology). • Metallic films (homogeneous or heterogeneous, crystalline, amorphous or microcristalline, etc.). • I-d or 2-d conductors and superconductors. • Intercalated systems. • 2-d electron gases (electrons on helium, semiconductor interfaces). • Surface layer problems (2-d melting of monolayers of noble gases on a substrate, surface problems in general). • Superfluid films of ~He or 'He. • Polymer physics. • Organic and inorganic chain conductors, superionic conductors. • I-d or 2-d molecular crystals and liquid crystals. • I-d or 2-d ferro- and antiferro electrics.



Layered Superconductors

Layered Superconductors Author Richard A. Klemm
ISBN-10 9780199593316
Release 2012
Pages 559
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By comparison and contrast of the different chemical structures, normal state properties, and simplest superconducting properties of all known classes of layered superconductors, this book introduces the three phenomenological models used to describe such systems, and will guide young researchers hoping to produce a room-temperature superconductor.



The Power of Layered Leadership

The Power of Layered Leadership Author Bob Goshen
ISBN-10 9781616637422
Release 2010-10
Pages 167
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Do you want to be a leader who stands the test of time? Do you want to watch your company grow and prosper as a whole? A guidebook for current and future leaders, The Power of Layered Leadership will show you how to create a high-performing working environment by focusing on the key to corporate longevity: reproducing leaders. In this simple, easy-to-read, straightforward leadership book, you will learn how to: • Increase the performance of those you are leading • Establish an environment that creates leaders • Develop those on your leadership team • Improve the morale and passion of those you are leading



Photoelectrochemistry and Photovoltaics of Layered Semiconductors

Photoelectrochemistry and Photovoltaics of Layered Semiconductors Author A. Aruchamy
ISBN-10 9789401513012
Release 2013-03-13
Pages 360
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This volume aims at bringing together the results of extensive research done during the last fifteen years on the interfacial photoelectronic properties of the inorganic layered semiconducting materials, mainly in relation to solar energy conversion. Significant contributions have been made both on the fundamental aspects of interface characteristics and on the suitability of the layered materials in photoelectrochemical (semiconductor/electrolyte junctions) and in solid state photovoltaic(Schottky and p-n junctions) cells. New insights into the physical and chemical characteristics of the contact surfaces have been gained and many new applications of these materials have been revealed. In particular, the basal plane surface of the layered materials shows low chemical reactivity and specific electronic behaviour with respect to isotropic solids. In electrochemical systems, the inert nature of these surfaces characterized by saturated chemical bonds has been recognized from studies on charge transfer reactions and catalysis. In addition, studies on the role of the d-band electronic transitions and the dynamics of the photogene rated charge carriers in the relative stability of the photoelectrodes of the transition metal dichalcogenides have deepened the understanding of the interfacial photoreactions. Transition metal layered compounds are also recognized as ideal model compounds for the studies Involving surfaces: photoreactions, adsorption phenomena and catalysis, scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy and epitaxial growth of thin films. Recently, quantum size effects have been investigated in layered semiconductor colloids.



Handbook of Layered Materials

Handbook of Layered Materials Author Scott M. Auerbach
ISBN-10 0203021355
Release 2004-03-23
Pages 664
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Focusing on layered compounds at the core of materials intercalation chemistry, this reference comprehensively explores clays and other classes of materials exhibiting the ability to pillar, or establish permanent intracrystalline porosity within layers. It offers an authoritative presentation of their fundamental properties as well as summaries of cutting-edge research results. Outlines modern usages of clays and other layered materials, including catalytic and photocatalytic applications. With chapters that explain basic concepts first before delving into more scientifically complex topics, the Handbook of Layered Materials Examines chemistry of clays, pillared clays, and pillared clay heterostructures Scrutinizes layered zirconium phosphates and phosphonates, double hydroxides, manganese oxides, metal chalcogenides, and polysilicates Offers clear descriptions of clay-organic interactions and devotes one chapter specifically to nitroaromatic compound sorption Covers findings in photochemistry and the molecular modeling of surface chemistry Reports recent developments in synthesis, characterization, and host-guest chemistry Contains over 2300 current references, formatting many into expedient tables The companion publication to the lauded Handbook of Zeolite Science and Technology (Marcel Dekker, Inc.) from the same expert editors, this reference is ideal for materials chemists and engineers; chemical engineers; and graduate-level students in these disciplines.



A Layered Declarative Approach to Ontology Translation with Knowledge Preservation

A Layered Declarative Approach to Ontology Translation with Knowledge Preservation Author Oscar Corcho
ISBN-10 1586034774
Release 2005
Pages 149
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The ontology translation problem (a.k.a. ontology interoperability problem) appears when we decide to reuse an ontology (or part of an ontology) with a tool or language that is different from the ones in which the ontology is available. If we force each ontology-based system developer, individually, to commit to the task of translating and incorporating to their systems the ontologies that they need, they will require a lot of effort and time to achieve their objective. This book presents two contributions to the current state-of-the-art on ontology translation among languages and / or tools. The first contribution is a proposal for a new model for building and maintaining ontology translation systems, characterised by two main features. At first, it identifies four layers where ontology translation decisions can be taken: lexical, syntax, semantic and semiotic. This layered architecture is based on existing work in formal languages and the theory of signs. Secondly, it proposes to represent ontology translation decisions declaratively. The second contribution characterises existing ontology translation approaches from the perspectives of semantic and pragmatic preservation, that is, consequence and intended meaning preservation respectively. It also describes the lifecycle of ontologies in cyclic ontology translation processes, which are defined as successive translations where the initial source and final target formats coincide.



Layered Impressions

Layered Impressions Author Katie Kendrick
ISBN-10 1440311471
Release 2012-01-18
Pages 128
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Presents mixed media projects that combine poetry with the techniques of impressionist painting in order to create an original work of art, with illustrations, instructions, and a writing prompt for each project.



Intercalation in Layered Materials

Intercalation in Layered Materials Author M.S. Dresselhaus
ISBN-10 9781475755565
Release 2013-12-19
Pages 497
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This volume is prepared from lecture notes for the course "Intercalation in Layered Materials" which was held at the Ettore Majorana Centre for Scientific Culture at Erice, Sicily in July, 1986, as part of the International School of Materials Science and Tech nology. The course itself consisted of formal tutorial lectures, workshops, and informal discussions. Lecture notes were prepared for the formal lectures, and short summaries of many of the workshop presentations were prepared. This volume is based on these lecture notes and research summaries. The material is addressed to advanced graduate students and postdoctoral researchers and assumes a background in basic solid state physics. The goals of this volume on Intercalation in Layered Materials include an introduc tion to the field for potential new participants, an in-depth and broad exposure for stu dents and young investigators already working in the field, a basis for cross-fertilization between workers on various layered host materials and with various intercalants, and an elaboration of the complementarity of intercalated layered materials with deliberately structured superlattices.



The Design of Intelligent Agents

The Design of Intelligent Agents Author Jörg P. Müller
ISBN-10 3540620036
Release 1996-11-27
Pages 227
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This monograph presents a comprehensive state-of-the-art survey on approaches to the design of intelligent agents. On the theoretical side, the author identifies a set of general requirements for autonomous interacting agents and provides an essential step towards understanding the principles of intelligent agents. On the practical side, the novel agent architecture InteRRaP is introduced: the detailed description and evaluation of this architecture is an ideal guideline and case study for software engineers or researchers faced with the task of building an agent system. The book uniquely bridges the gap between theory and practice; it addresses active and novice researchers as well as practitioners interested in applicable agent technology.



Layered Intrusions

Layered Intrusions Author R.G. Cawthorn
ISBN-10 0080535402
Release 1996-10-18
Pages 530
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Written by leading experts in the field, this work summarises the important aspects relating to layered intrusions, with almost universal coverage of the subject. Each chapter is a complete review of a theme or specific geological intrusion. The first part of the book covers the general principles and processes which apply to all intrusions. Those chapters on individual intrusions concentrate on factual information. A detailed full colour geological map of the Skaergaard intrusion is also included. This book will appeal to a wide audience - university libraries, research students in igneous petrology, state organisations such as exploration companies - as well as being an ideal textbook for university courses on igneous petrology, and geochemistry and petrography.



Modality in Japanese

Modality in Japanese Author Heiko Narrog
ISBN-10 9789027205766
Release 2009
Pages 277
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This book presents a systematic corpus-based study of the semantic and morphosyntactic interaction of modality with tense, aspect, negation, and modal markers embedded in subordinate clauses. The results are critically compared with extant theories of hierarchies of grammatical categories, including those in Functional Grammar, Role and Reference Grammar, and the Cartography of Syntactic Structures.



Rock Forming Minerals

Rock Forming Minerals Author William Alexander Deer
ISBN-10 1862392595
Release 2009
Pages 314
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This extensive revision deals with the minerals talc, pyrophyllite, chlorite, serpentine, stilpnomelane, zussmanite, prehnite and apophyllite. The text has been completely rewritten and very much expanded to take account of the many advances that have been made in all aspects of the Earth sciences, not least mineralogy. Each chapter is headed by a brief tabulation of mineral data and ends with full references. Crystal structures are described and illustrated, followed by discussion of structural information gained from spectroscopic as well as X-ray and electron-optic methods. Chemical sections include many analyses and structural formulae, phase relations, igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary geochemistry, alteration and weathering. Examples are given of a range of mineral parageneses. Correlation between the various aspects of mineralogy are emphasized in order to provide a scientific understanding of minerals as well as their description and identification. So great has been the expansion of research on layered silicates that a separate volume (3A, 2003) was devoted entirely to micas and another (3C), entirely for clay minerals will also be published. Rock-Forming Minerals is an essential reference work for professionals, researchers and postgraduate students in Earth science and related fields in chemistry, physics, engineering, environmental and soil sciences.



Environmental Protection in Multi Layered Systems

Environmental Protection in Multi Layered Systems Author Mariachiara Alberton
ISBN-10 9789004235243
Release 2012-10-04
Pages 544
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The book aims at understanding the current distribution and use of powers over the environment among various layers of government and their consequences on environmental protection, comparing federal, regional and unitary State models and drawing theoretical and practical consequences.