Layered

Layered Author Tessa Huff
ISBN-10 9781613129432
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 288
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It’s time to venture beyond vanilla and chocolate and take your baking skills up a notch. We’re talking layers—two, three, four, or more! Create sky-high, bakery-quality treats at home with Tessa Huff’s 150 innovative recipes, which combine new and exciting flavors of cake, fillings, and frostings—everything from pink peppercorn cherry to bourbon butterscotch, and pumpkin vanilla chai to riesling rhubarb and raspberry chocolate stout. Including contemporary baking methods and industry tips and tricks, Layered covers every decorating technique you’ll ever need with simple instructions and gorgeous step-by-step photos that speak to bakers of every skill level—and to anyone who wants to transform dessert into layer upon layer of edible art.



And All the Layered Light

And All the Layered Light Author Charles Semones
ISBN-10 9781603060387
Release 2007-11-01
Pages 144
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Writes Wade Hall, from his introduction: Using the settings and imagery of his native rural Kentucky, Charles Semones creates in this new collection of his poems a world of longing and desire, of passion and pursuit, of rapture and depression. In his reclusive, gospel-drenched, haunted world of draped mirrors and desperate dog days of summer, the poet-lover moves along his lonely route seeking and hoping for at least a brief respite from the Gothic horrors, internal and external, that curse his journey. Semones's own autobiographical travels and travails, which he has translated into a universal poetry of the soul, will resonate deeply with anyone who thinks deeply about the human condition. This is Southern Gothic writing at its finest.



Layered Double Hydroxides

Layered Double Hydroxides Author Vicente Rives
ISBN-10 1590330609
Release 2001
Pages 439
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Layered double hydroxides are one of the variety of names given to a family of layered materials first discovered in Sweden in 1842. These materials are interesting because their layer cations can be changed among a wide selection, and the interlayer anion can also be (nearly) freely chosen. Like cationic clays, they can be pillared and can exchange interlayer species -- thus increasing applications and making new routes to derivatives. The principle areas of application include catalyst support, anion scavengers, polymer stabilisers, and antacids. In the last several years, reviews and studies of LDHs have dealt with these uses. This book aims to update the current body of LDH knowledge from a wide array of views. The first section addresses the synthesis and physiochemical characterisation of these materials, and section two focuses on the applications of LDHs.



Electrons and Phonons in Layered Crystal Structures

Electrons and Phonons in Layered Crystal Structures Author T.J. Wieting
ISBN-10 9789400993709
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 486
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This volume is devoted to the electron and phonon energy states of inorganic layered crystals. The distinctive feature of these low-dimensional materials is their easy mechanical cleavage along planes parallel to the layers. This feature implies that the chemical binding within each layer is much stronger than the binding between layers and that some, but not necessarily all, physical properties of layered crystals have two-dimensional character. In Wyckoff's Crystal Structures, SiC and related com pounds are regarded as layered structures, because their atomic layers are alternately stacked according to the requirements of cubic and hexagonal close-packing. How ever, the uniform (tetrahedral) coordination of the atoms in these compounds excludes the kind of structural anisotropy that is fundamental to the materials dis cussed in this volume. An individual layer of a layered crystal may be composed of either a single sheet of atoms, as in graphite, or a set of up to five atomic sheets, as in Bi2 Te3' A layer may also have more complicated arrangements of the atoms, as we find for example in Sb S . But the unique feature common to all these materials is 2 3 the structural anisotropy, which directly affects their electronic and vibrational properties. The nature of the weak interlayer coupling is not very well understood, despite the frequent attribution of the coupling in the literature to van der Waals forces. Two main facts, however, have emerged from all studies.



Electronic Structure and Electronic Transitions in Layered Materials

Electronic Structure and Electronic Transitions in Layered Materials Author V. Grasso
ISBN-10 9789400945425
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 517
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This new volume in the series Physics and Chemistry of Materials with Layered Structures satisfies the need for a comprehensive review of the progress made in the decade 1972-1982 in the field of the electronic properties of layer compounds. Some recent theoretical and experimental developments are highlighted by authori tative physicists active in current research. The previous books of this series covering similar topics are volumes 3 and 4. The present review is mainly intended to fulfill the gap up to 1982 and part of 1983. I am indebted to all the authors for their friendly co-operation and continuous effort in preparing the contributions in their own fields of competence. I am sure that both the expertise scientists and the beginners in the field of the electronic properties of layered materials will find this book a valuable tool for their research work. Warm thanks are due to Prof. E. Mooser, General Editor of the series, for his constant and authoritative advice. * * * This book has been conceived as a tribute to Prof. Franco Bassani to whom the Italian tradition in the field of layer compounds, as well as in other fields of solid state physics, owes much. The authors of this review have all benefited at some time of their professional life from close cooperation with him. Istituto di Struttura della Materia, VINCENZO GRASSO Universitd di Messina IX V Grasso (ed.). Electronic Structure and Electronic Transitions in Layered Materials. ix.



Waves in Layered Media

Waves in Layered Media Author Leonid Brekhovskikh
ISBN-10 9780323163248
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 574
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Waves in Layered Media focuses on the theory of the propagation of elastic and electromagnetic waves in layered media. This book presents a complete report of Soviet researches on wave propagation through layered media. Organized into six chapters, this book starts with an overview of the theory of wave reflection from layers and interfaces. This text then examines the some of the representations and methods, which are common to different branches of physics. Other chapters define the reflection reduction of optical waves as the lowering of the reflection coefficient at the air–glass boundaries by depositing thin layers of several materials on the glass. This book discusses as well the field of a concentrated source situated in a layered-inhomogeneous medium, which is one of the main problems in modern radiophysics, acoustics, and the physics of the Earth's crust. The final chapter deals with wave propagation in layered-inhomogeneous media. This book is a valuable resource for engineers, scientists, and physicists.



Polymer layered Silicate Nanocomposites

Polymer layered Silicate Nanocomposites Author Masami Okamoto
ISBN-10 1859573916
Release 2003-01-01
Pages 166
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The review sets out to highlight the major developments in this field over the last decade. The different techniques used to prepare PLS nanocomposites are covered. The physicochemical characterisation of PLS nanocomposites and the improved materials properties that those materials can display are discussed. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database provides useful references for further reading.



Intercalated Layered Materials

Intercalated Layered Materials Author Francis Lévy
ISBN-10 902770967X
Release 1979-11-30
Pages 578
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Materials with layered structures remain an extensively investigated subject in current physics and chemistry. Most of the promising technological applications however deal with intercalation compounds of layered materials. Graphite intercalation compounds have now been known for a long time. Intercalation in transition metal dichalcogenides, on the other hand, has been investigated only recently. The amount of information on intercalated layered materials has increased far beyond the original concept for this volume in the series Physics and Chemistry of Materials with Layered Structures. The large size of this volume also indicates how important this field of research will be, not only in basic science, but also in industrial and energy applications. In this volume, two classes of materials are included, generally investigated by different scientists. Graphite intercalates and intercalates of other inorganic com pounds actually constitute separate classes of materials. However, the similarity between the intercalation techniques and some intercalation processes does not justify this separation, and accounts for the inclusion of both classes in this volume. The first part of the volume deals with intercalation processes and intercalates of transition metal dichalcogenides. Several chapters include connected topics necessary to give a good introduction or comprehensive review of these types of materials. Organic as well as inorganic intercalation compounds are treated. The second part includes contributions concerning graphite intercalates. It should be noted that graphite intercalation compounds have already been mentioned in Volumes I and V.



Development of a new slicing methodology to improve layered manufacturing

Development of a new slicing methodology to improve layered manufacturing Author P. J. de Jager
ISBN-10 UOM:39015040056940
Release 1998
Pages 129
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Development of a new slicing methodology to improve layered manufacturing has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Development of a new slicing methodology to improve layered manufacturing also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Development of a new slicing methodology to improve layered manufacturing book for free.



Handbook of Layered Materials

Handbook of Layered Materials Author Scott M. Auerbach
ISBN-10 0203021355
Release 2004-03-23
Pages 664
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Focusing on layered compounds at the core of materials intercalation chemistry, this reference comprehensively explores clays and other classes of materials exhibiting the ability to pillar, or establish permanent intracrystalline porosity within layers. It offers an authoritative presentation of their fundamental properties as well as summaries of cutting-edge research results. Outlines modern usages of clays and other layered materials, including catalytic and photocatalytic applications. With chapters that explain basic concepts first before delving into more scientifically complex topics, the Handbook of Layered Materials Examines chemistry of clays, pillared clays, and pillared clay heterostructures Scrutinizes layered zirconium phosphates and phosphonates, double hydroxides, manganese oxides, metal chalcogenides, and polysilicates Offers clear descriptions of clay-organic interactions and devotes one chapter specifically to nitroaromatic compound sorption Covers findings in photochemistry and the molecular modeling of surface chemistry Reports recent developments in synthesis, characterization, and host-guest chemistry Contains over 2300 current references, formatting many into expedient tables The companion publication to the lauded Handbook of Zeolite Science and Technology (Marcel Dekker, Inc.) from the same expert editors, this reference is ideal for materials chemists and engineers; chemical engineers; and graduate-level students in these disciplines.



Layered Double Hydroxides

Layered Double Hydroxides Author Xue Duan
ISBN-10 3540282793
Release 2006-01-12
Pages 234
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D.G. Evans, R.C.T. Slade: Structural Aspects of Layered Double Hydroxides.- J. He, M. Wei, B. Li, Y. Kang, D.G. Evans, X. Duan: Preparation of Layered Double Hydroxides.- C. Taviot-Gueho, F. Leroux: In Situ Polymerization and Intercalation of Polymers in Layered Double Hydroxides.- G.R. Williams, A.I. Khan, D. O'Hare: Mechanistic and Kinetic Studies of Guest Ion Intercalation into Layered Double Hydroxides Using Time-Resolved, In-Situ X-Ray Powder Diffraction.- F. Li, X. Duan: Applications of Layered Double Hydroxides



Legal Dynamics of EU External Relations

Legal Dynamics of EU External Relations Author Henri de Waele
ISBN-10 9783662548172
Release 2017-08-01
Pages 199
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This book offers a concise yet comprehensive review of the principles of EU external relations law. By carefully examining the role of the Union on the global scene, it provides a systematic overview of the relevant rules and competences, reflecting on the legal developments in their political and societal context. In addition to up-to-date analyses of, inter alia, the Common Foreign and Security Policy, the Common Security and Defence Policy and the Common Commercial Policy, it highlights the EU's external powers with regard to the environment, fundamental rights and development cooperation. Moreover, it includes dedicated chapters exploring the relations with neighbouring countries, and explaining the complex interplay between rules of domestic, European and international provenance. The second edition of this established text (the first edition was published under the title Layered Global Player in 2011) has been geared even more specifically towards students, for example through the inclusion of chapter overviews, clarifying boxes, and supplementary examples, while a meticulous review of the narrative has further enhanced its accessibility. As before, the book’s compact dimensions, transparent structure and engaging style of writing enable readers to master the main features of this gripping field of law with ease. It thus remains an invaluable resource for students and lecturers alike.



Preparation and Crystal Growth of Materials with Layered Structures

Preparation and Crystal Growth of Materials with Layered Structures Author R.M.A. Lieth
ISBN-10 9027706387
Release 1977-07-31
Pages 280
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The goal of the series Physics and Chemistry of Materials with Layered Structures is to give a critical survey of our present knowledge on a large family of materials which can be described as solids containing molecules which in two dimensions extend to infinity and which are loosely stacked on top of each other to form three dimensional crystals. Of course, the physics and chemistry of these crystals are specific chapters in ordinary solid state science, and many a scientist hunting for new phenomena has in the past been disappointed to find that materials with layered structures are not entirely exotic. Their electron and phonon states are not two dimensional, and the high hopes held by some for spectacular dimensionality effects in superconductivity were shattered. Nevertheless, the structural features and their physical and chemical consequences singularize layered structures sufficiently to make them a fascinating subject of research. This is all the more true since they are met in insulators and semiconductors as well as in normal and superconducting metals. Although for the time being the series is intentionally limited to cover inorganic materials only, the many known organic layered structures may well be the subject of future volumes. Among the noteworthy peculiarities of layered structures, we mention specific growth mechanisms and crystal habits. Polytypism is very common and it is fasci nating indeed to find up to 240 different polytypes in the same chemical substance.



Acoustics of Layered Media II

Acoustics of Layered Media II Author Leonid M. Brekhovskikh
ISBN-10 9783662027769
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 395
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This is the sequel to our book Acoustics of Layered Media I: Plane and Quasi Plane Waves (Springer Ser. Wave Phenom. , Vol. 5). Taken together, these two monographs present a systematic exposition of the theory of sound propagation in inhomogeneous media, which starts from first principles and includes recent results. More advanced topics are considered in this second volume. Although the theory of wave beams and fields of localized sources is more sophisticated than the theory of quasi-plane waves, it embraces a much wider range of interesting problems that are also important for applications. We exploit the results of Acoustics of Layered Media I, as long as it is expedient to consider sound fields as a superposition of plane or quasi-plane waves. However, the knowledgeable reader will view this book as self-contained. Similar topics have been treated in the book by L. M. Brekhovskikh, Waves in Layered Media, the English version of the second edition of which was published by Academic Press in 1980. Since Waves in Layered Media became very popular, we have tried here to retain its spirit. However, the majority of this text is devoted to new material which reflects the significant progress of the theory during recent years. In particular, acoustic fields in a moving fluid are considered and much attention is paid to sound propagation in range dependent environments, which is currently on the leading edge of research activities.



Structural Phase Transitions in Layered Transition Metal Compounds

Structural Phase Transitions in Layered Transition Metal Compounds Author K. Motizuki
ISBN-10 9789400945760
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 300
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The structural phase transition is one of the most fundamental problems in solid state physics. Layered transition-metal dichalcogenides provide us with a most exciting area for the study of structural phase transitions that are associated with the charge density wave (CDW). A large variety of structural phase transitions, such as commensurate and incommensurate transitions, and the physical proper ties related to the formation of a CDW, have been an object of intense study made for many years by methods employing modem microscopic techniques. Rather recently, efforts have been devoted to the theoretical understanding of these experimental results. Thus, McMillan, for example, has developed an elegant phenomenological theory on the basis of the Landau free energy expansion. An extension of McMillan's theory has provided a successful understanding of the successive phase transitions observed in the IT- and 2H-compounds. In addition, a microscopic theory of lattice instability, lattice dynamics, and lattice distortion in the CDW state of the transition-metal dichalcogenides has been developed based on their electronic structures. As a result, the driving force of the CDW formation in the IT- and 2H-compounds has become clear. Furthermore, the effect of lattice fluctuations on the CDW transition and on the anomalous behavior of various physical properties has been made clear microscopically.



Acoustics of Layered Media I

Acoustics of Layered Media I Author Leonid M. Brekhovskikh
ISBN-10 9783642523694
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 240
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This monograph is devoted to the systematic presentation of the theory of sound wave propagation in layered structures. These structures can be man-made, such as ultrasonic filters, lenses, surface-wave delay lines, or natural media, such as the ocean and the atmosphere, with their marked horizontal stratification. A related problem is the propagation of elastic (seismic) waves in the earth's crust These topics have been treated rather completely in the book by L. M. Brek hovskikh, Waves in Layered Media, the English version of the second edition of which was published by Academic Press in 1980. Due to progress in experimental and computer technology it has become possible to analyze the influence of factors such as medium motion and density stratification upon the propagation of sound waves. Much attention has been paid to propagation theory in near-stratified media, Le. , media with small deviations from strict stratification. Interesting results have also been obtained in the fields of acoustics which had been previously considered to be "completely" developed. For these reasons, and also because of the inflow of researchers from the related fields of physics and mathematics, the circle of persons and research groups engaged in the study of sound propagation has rather expanded. Therefore, the appearance of a new summary review of the field of acoustics of layered media has become highly desirable. Since Waves in Layered Media became quite popular, we have tried to retain its positive features and general structure.



Neutron Scattering in Layered Copper Oxide Superconductors

Neutron Scattering in Layered Copper Oxide Superconductors Author Albert Furrer
ISBN-10 0792352262
Release 1998-09-30
Pages 403
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This is the first book which reviews the most important results obtained in the past decade for layered copper-oxide high-temperature superconductors by neutron scattering techniques. The following topics are thoroughly introduced, methodically discussed and highlighted with the most important results by acknowledged experts in their respective fields: static and dynamical properties of the crystal lattice (oxygen site occupation, charge transfer, charge-stripe order, phonon dispersions and density-of-states), static and dynamical magnetic correlations (phase diagrams, 2D and 3D magnetic ordering, spin waves and spin fluctuations, crystal-field excitations) and the structure of the flux-line lattice (field and temperature dependence). The 2D features of the copper-oxide perovskites are found to be essential for achieving high-temperature superconductivity by doping. The book addresses an interdisciplinary audience, both specialists and those entering the field. Emphasis is put on the fundamental properties; however, technological applications are evidently emerging from these basics.