Democratization and Memories of Violence

Democratization and Memories of Violence Author Mneesha Gellman
ISBN-10 9781317358305
Release 2016-08-05
Pages 242
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Ethnic minority communities make claims for cultural rights from states in different ways depending on how governments include them in policies and practices of accommodation or assimilation. However, institutional explanations don’t tell the whole story, as individuals and communities also protest, using emotionally compelling narratives about past wrongs to justify their claims for new rights protections. Democratization and Memories of Violence: Ethnic minority rights movements in Mexico, Turkey, and El Salvador examines how ethnic minority communities use memories of state and paramilitary violence to shame states into cooperating with minority cultural agendas such as the right to mother tongue education. Shaming and claiming is a social movement tactic that binds historic violence to contemporary citizenship. Combining theory with empirics, the book accounts for how democratization shapes citizen experiences of interest representation and how memorialization processes challenge state regimes of forgetting at local, state, and international levels. Democratization and Memories of Violence draws on six case studies in Mexico, Turkey, and El Salvador to show how memory-based narratives serve as emotionally salient leverage for marginalized communities to facilitate state consideration of minority rights agendas. This book will be of interest to postgraduates and researchers in comparative politics, development studies, sociology, international studies, peace and conflict studies and area studies.

Salt in the Sand

Salt in the Sand Author Lessie Jo Frazier
ISBN-10 9780822389668
Release 2007-06-26
Pages 408
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Salt in the Sand is a compelling historical ethnography of the interplay between memory and state violence in the formation of the Chilean nation-state. The historian and anthropologist Lessie Jo Frazier focuses on northern Chile, which figures prominently in the nation’s history as a site of military glory during the period of national conquest, of labor strikes and massacres in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth, and of state detention and violence during World War II and the Cold War. It was also the site of a mass-grave excavation that galvanized the national human rights movement in 1990, during Chile’s transition from dictatorship to democracy. Frazier analyzes the creation of official and alternative memories of specific instances of state violence in northern Chile from 1890 to the present, tracing how the form and content of those memories changed over time. In so doing, she shows how memory works to create political subjectivities mobilized for specific political projects within what she argues is the always-ongoing process of nation-state formation. Frazier’s broad historical perspective on political culture challenges the conventional periodization of modern Chilean history, particularly the idea that the 1973 military coup marked a radical break with the past. Analyzing multiple memories of state violence, Frazier innovatively shapes social and cultural theory to interpret a range of sources, including local and national government archives, personal papers, popular literature and music, interviews, architectural and ceremonial commemorations, and her ethnographic observations of civic associations, women's and environmental groups, and human rights organizations. A masterful integration of extensive empirical research with sophisticated theoretical analysis, Salt in the Sand is a significant contribution to interdisciplinary scholarship on human rights, democratization, state formation, and national trauma and reconciliation.

Norbert Elias and Violence

Norbert Elias and Violence Author Tatiana Savoia Landini
ISBN-10 9781137561183
Release 2017-03-20
Pages 232
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This book presents key conceptualizations of violence as developed by Norbert Elias. The authors explain and exemplify these concepts by analyzing Elias’s late texts, comparing his views to those of Sigmund Freud, and by analyzing the work of filmmaker Michael Haneke. The authors then discuss the strengths and shortcomings of Elias’s thoughts on violence by examining various social processes such as colonization, imperialism, and the Brazilian civilizing process—in addition to the ambivalence of state violence. The final chapters suggest how these concepts can be used to explain difficulties in implementing democracy, grappling with memories of violence, and state building after democracy.

Memory and Violence in the Middle East and North Africa

Memory and Violence in the Middle East and North Africa Author Ussama Samir Makdisi
ISBN-10 025334655X
Release 2006
Pages 243
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The Middle East and North Africa form a region united by a common history of armed conflict and repeated international efforts at producing a lasting peace. This interdisciplinary collection explores the connections between memories of past violence and the violence of present memories, the context for all contemporary efforts at conflict resolution and reconciliation. The contributors examine the 1954–1962 Franco-Algerian war, the 1975–1991 Lebanese civil war, and the ongoing Arab-Israeli conflict as interconnected struggles that outline national polities, infranational fractures, and transnational political connections. Insofar as national unity has been constructed on the contested claims of sacrifice and martyrdom, the legacy of violence has remained inscribed at the heart of political identity. The case studies point to the failure of current attempts to officially forget past conflicts, at the same time indicating local successes in commemorative actions that forge at least partial peaces between individuals and groups. Ussama Makdisi is Associate Professor of History at Rice University and the first holder of the Arab-American Educational Foundation Chair of Arab Studies. He is author of The Culture of Sectarianism: Community, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon. Paul Silverstein is Associate Professor of Anthropology at Reed College and author of Algeria in France: Transpolitics, Race, and Nation (IUP, 2004). He has conducted research in France, Algeria and Morocco and is a member of the editorial board of Middle East Report.

Democracy and the Rise of Women s Movements in Sub Saharan Africa

Democracy and the Rise of Women s Movements in Sub Saharan Africa Author Kathleen M. Fallon
ISBN-10 9780801890086
Release 2008-07-02
Pages 168
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Despite a late and fitful start, democracy in Africa, Latin America, and Eastern Europe has recently shown promising growth. Kathleen M. Fallon discusses the role of women and women's advocacy groups in furthering the democratic transformation of formerly autocratic states. Using Ghana as a case study, Fallon examines the specific processes women are using to bring about political change. She assesses information gathered from interviews and surveys conducted in Ghana and assays the existing literature to provide a focused look at how women have become involved in the democratization of sub-Saharan nations. The narrative traces the history of democratic institutions in the region—from the imposition of male-dominated mechanisms by western states to latter-day reforms that reflect the active resurgence of women’s political power within many African cultures—to show how women have made significant recent political gains in Ghana and other emerging democracies. Fallon attributes these advances to a combination of forces, including the decline of the authoritarian state and its attendant state-run women's organizations, newly formed constitutions, and newfound access to good-governance funding. She draws the study into the larger debate over gendered networks and democratic reform by exploring how gender roles affect and are affected by the state in Africa, Latin America, and Eastern Europe. In demonstrating how women’s activism is evolving with and shaping democratization across the region, Democracy and the Rise of Women’s Movements in Sub-Saharan Africa reveals how women’s social movements are challenging the barriers created by colonization and dictatorships in Africa and beyond.

Communal violence and democratization in Indonesia

Communal violence and democratization in Indonesia Author Geert Arend van Klinken
ISBN-10 0415417139
Release 2007-04-10
Pages 180
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Through close scrutiny of empirical materials and interviews, this book uniquely analyzes all the episodes of long-running, widespread communal violence that erupted during Indonesia's post-New Order transition. Indonesia democratised after the long and authoritarian New Order regime ended in May 1998. But the transition was far less peaceful than is often thought. It claimed about 10,000 lives in communal (ethnic and religious) violence, and nearly as many as that again in separatist violence in Aceh and East Timor. Taking a comprehensive look at the communal violence that arose after the New Order regime, this book will be of interest to students of Southeast Asian studies, social movements, political violence and ethnicity.

The Politics of Memory

The Politics of Memory Author Alexandra Barahona De Brito
ISBN-10 019152901X
Release 2001-04-05
Pages 440
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One of the most important political and ethical questions faced during a political transition from authoritarian or totalitarian to democratic rule is how to deal with legacies of repression. Indeed, some of the most fundamental questions regarding law, morality and politics are raised at such times, as societies look back to understand how they lost their moral and political compass, failing to contain violence and promote the values of tolerance and peace. The Politics of Memory sheds light on this important aspect of transitional politics, assessing how Portugal, Spain, the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and Germany after reunification, Russia, the Southern Cone of Latin America and Central America, as well as South Africa, have confronted legacies of repression. The book examines the presence - or absence - of three types of official efforts to come to terms with the past: truth commissions, trials and amnesties, and purges. In addition, it looks at unofficial initiatives emerging from within society, usually involving human rights organisations (HROs), churches or political parties. Where relevant, it also examines the 'politics of memory,' whereby societies re-work the past in an effort to come to terms with it, both during the transitions and long after official transitional policies have been implemented or forgotten. The book also assesses the significance of forms of reckoning with the past for a process of democratization or democratic deepening. It also focuses on the role of international actors in such processes, as external players are becoming increasingly influential in shaping national policy where human rights are concerned.

Memory and Pluralism in the Baltic States

Memory and Pluralism in the Baltic States Author Eva-Clarita Pettai
ISBN-10 9781317979708
Release 2014-06-11
Pages 160
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Memories, both in individual and collective form, still have a significant impact on how people relate to political processes in Europe today. While much has been written about top-down attempts by states and political actors to mould people’s memories of the past through public commemoration, textbooks or monuments, this volume takes a view from below by focusing on different types of societal actors and the ways in which they interact with the political world in order to influence collective memory. Presented within a comprehensive conceptual framework, the empirical cases focus on three countries of the former Soviet Union: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. They show that different or even antagonistic perceptions of the recent past not only appear between different ethnic groups, but also between socio-economic groups, different age groups or generations as well as between women and men. Moreover, they give an impressive account on the multiple ways in which these perceptions empower individuals and groups to seek greater influence in the construction of collective memory. The volume, therefore, not only provides a valuable and fresh perspective on the relationship between social memory and democratic politics, but also contributes to post-Communist regional studies in the enlarged European Union. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Baltic Studies.

Memory and state violence in Chile

Memory and state violence in Chile Author Lessie Jo Frazier
ISBN-10 UOM:39015041793442
Release 1998
Pages 756
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Memory and state violence in Chile has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Memory and state violence in Chile also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Memory and state violence in Chile book for free.

Violence in Developing Countries

Violence in Developing Countries Author Dr. Christopher Cramer
ISBN-10 0253219280
Release 2006
Pages 329
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Offers a surprising and sobering view of war and violence in the developing world

Genocidal Nightmares

Genocidal Nightmares Author Abdelwahab El-Affendi
ISBN-10 9781628920734
Release 2014-11-20
Pages 288
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This book offers a novel and productive explanation of why 'ordinary' people can be moved to engage in destructive mass violence (or terrorism and the abuse of rights), often in large numbers and in unexpected ways. Its argument is that narratives of insecurity (powerful horror stories people tell and believe about their world and others) can easily make extreme acts appear acceptable, even necessary and heroic. As in action or horror movies, the script dictates how the 'hero' acts. The book provides theoretical justifications for this analysis, building on earlier studies but going beyond them in what amount to a breakthrough in mapping the context of mass violence. It backs its argument with a large number of case studies covering four continents, written by prominent scholars from the relevant countries or with deep knowledge of them. A substantial introduction by the UN's Special Advisor on the Prevention of Genocide demonstrates the policy relevance of this path-breaking work.

The Politics and Memory of Democratic Transition

The Politics and Memory of Democratic Transition Author Diego Muro
ISBN-10 9781136852244
Release 2010-11-23
Pages 284
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Most accounts on the Spanish transition to democracy of the late 1970s are based on a false dilemma. Its simplest formulation could be: was it the pressure from below, i.e. the organized working classes, students and neighbors associations that triggered political change; or was the elite settlement reached by the regime soft-liners and the moderate sectors of the democratic opposition that established it? This new and innovative volume appraises the movement towards a more democratic Spain from a variety of important perspectives; the collection of essays sheds light on the wide range of crucial processes, institutions and actors involved in the political transformation that operated in the Spanish instance of the Third Wave of democratization. By making comparisons to other democratic transitions, synthesizing the ideas of several leading Spanish History scholars, as well as incorporating new voices involved in creating the directions of research to come, The Politics and Memory of Democratic Transition offers a thorough and vital look at this key period in contemporary Spanish history, taking stock of critical lessons to be gleaned from the Spanish Transition, and pointing the way toward its future as a democratic nation.

Political Crime and the Memory of Loss

Political Crime and the Memory of Loss Author John Borneman
ISBN-10 9780253223517
Release 2011
Pages 243
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Loss is a fundamental human condition that often leads both individuals and groups to seek redress in the form of violence. But are there possible modes of redress to reckon with loss that might lead to a departure from the violence of collective and individual revenge? This book focuses on the redress of political crime in Germany and Lebanon, extending its analysis to questions of accountability and democratization in the United States and elsewhere. To understand the proposed modes of redress, John Borneman links the way the actors themselves define their injuries to the cultural forms of redress these injuries assume and to the social contexts in which they are open to refiguring Borneman theorizes modes of accountability, the meaning of "regime change" and the American occupation of Iraq, and the mechanisms and operation of democratic authority in Europe and North America.

Crisis of Democratization Development and Electoral Violence in Nigeria

Crisis of Democratization  Development and Electoral Violence in Nigeria Author Adele Jinadu
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105114998219
Release 2004
Pages 115
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Crisis of Democratization Development and Electoral Violence in Nigeria has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Crisis of Democratization Development and Electoral Violence in Nigeria also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Crisis of Democratization Development and Electoral Violence in Nigeria book for free.

Routledge Handbook of Memory and Reconciliation in East Asia

Routledge Handbook of Memory and Reconciliation in East Asia Author Mikyoung Kim
ISBN-10 9781135009205
Release 2015-10-05
Pages 464
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Decades after the end of the World War II East Asia continues to struggle with lingering animosities and unresolved historical grievances in domestic, bilateral and regional memory landscapes. China, Japan and the Korea share a history of inter- and intra-violence, self-other identity construction and diametrically opposed interpretations of the past. Routledge Handbook of Memory and Reconciliation in East Asia offers a complete overview of the challenges of national memory and ideological rivalry for reconciliation in the East Asian region. Chapters provide authoritative analyses of contentious issues such as comfort women, the Nanjing massacre, history textbook controversies, shared heritage sites, colonial rule, territorial disputes and restitution. By interweaving memory, human rights and reconciliation the contributors actively explore real prospects of redressing past wrongs and achieving peaceful coexistence at personal as well as governmental levels. Bringing together an international team of experts, this book is an essential read for students and scholars of East Asian studies, anthropology, gender studies, history, international relations, law, political science, and sociology, and for those interested in memory and reconciliation issues.

Asian Perspective

Asian Perspective Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015079658079
Release 2008
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Asian Perspective has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Asian Perspective also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Asian Perspective book for free.

Demons and demos

Demons and demos Author Anupma Logani Kulkarni
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105118600852
Release 2005
Pages 894
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Demons and demos has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Demons and demos also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Demons and demos book for free.