Communities of Practice

Communities of Practice Author Etienne Wenger
ISBN-10 9781107268371
Release 1999-09-28
Pages
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This book presents a theory of learning that starts with the assumption that engagement in social practice is the fundamental process by which we get to know what we know and by which we become who we are. The primary unit of analysis of this process is neither the individual nor social institutions, but the informal 'communities of practice' that people form as they pursue shared enterprises over time. To give a social account of learning, the theory explores in a systematic way the intersection of issues of community, social practice, meaning, and identity. The result is a broad framework for thinking about learning as a process of social participation. This ambitious but thoroughly accessible framework has relevance for the practitioner as well as the theoretician, presented with all the breadth, depth, and rigor necessary to address such a complex and yet profoundly human topic.



Situated Learning

Situated Learning Author Jean Lave
ISBN-10 0521423740
Release 1991-09-27
Pages 138
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In this important theoretical treatist, the authors push forward the notion of situated learning - that learning is fundamentally a social process.



Understanding Practice

Understanding Practice Author Seth Chaiklin
ISBN-10 0521558514
Release 1996
Pages 428
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Brings together the many different perspectives that have been applied to examining social context.



Beyond Communities of Practice

Beyond Communities of Practice Author David Barton
ISBN-10 0521544920
Release 2005-10-03
Pages 243
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The concept of 'communities of practice' (Lave and Wenger 1991, Wenger 1998) has become an influential one in education, management, and social sciences in recent years. This book consists of a series of studies by linguists and educational researchers, examining and developing aspects of the concept which have remained relatively unexplored. Framings provided by theories of language-in-use, literacy practices, and discourse extend the concept, bringing to light issues around conflict, power, and the significance of the broader social context which have been overlooked. Chapters assess the relationship between communities of practice and other theories including literacy studies, critical language studies, the ethnography of communication, socio-cultural activity theory, and sociological theories of risk. Domains of empirical research reported include schools, police stations, adult basic education, higher education, and multilingual settings. The book highlights the need to incorporate thinking around language-in-use, power and conflict, and social context into communities of practice.



Learning in Landscapes of Practice

Learning in Landscapes of Practice Author Etienne Wenger-Trayner
ISBN-10 9781317692522
Release 2014-07-25
Pages 182
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If the body of knowledge of a profession is a living landscape of practice, then our personal experience of learning can be thought of as a journey through this landscape. Within Learning in Landscapes of Practice, this metaphor is further developed in order to start an important conversation about the nature of practice knowledge, identity and the experience of practitioners and their learning. In doing so, this book is a pioneering and timely exploration of the future of professional development and higher education. The book combines a strong theoretical perspective grounded in social learning theories with stories from a broad range of contributors who occupy different locations in their own landscapes of practice. These narratives locate the book within different contemporary concerns such as social media, multi-agency, multi-disciplinary and multi-national partnerships, and the integration of academic study and workplace practice. Both scholarly, in the sense that it builds on prior research to extend and locate the concept of landscapes of practice, and practical because of the way in which it draws on multiple voices from different landscapes. Learning in Landscapes of Practice will be of particular relevance to people concerned with the design of professional or vocational learning. It will also be a valuable resource for students engaged in higher education courses with work-based elements.



Cultivating Communities of Practice

Cultivating Communities of Practice Author Etienne Wenger
ISBN-10 9781422131107
Release 2002-01-08
Pages 304
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Today's economy is fueled by knowledge. Every leader knows this to be true, yet few have systematic methods for converting organizational knowledge into economic value. This book argues that communities of practice--groups of individuals formed around common interests and expertise--provide the ideal vehicle for driving knowledge-management strategies and building lasting competitive advantage. Written by leading experts in the field, Cultivating Communities of Practice is the first book to outline models and methods for systematically developing these essential groups. Through compelling research and company examples, including DaimlerChrysler, McKinsey & Company, Shell, and the World Bank, authors Etienne Wenger, Richard McDermott, and William M. Snyder show how world-class organizations have leveraged communities of practice to drive strategy, generate new business opportunities, solve problems, transfer best practices, develop employees' professional skills, and recruit and retain top talent. Underscoring the new central role communities of practice are playing in today's knowledge economy, Cultivating Communities of Practice is the definitive guide to fostering, designing, and developing these powerful groups within and across organizations.



Knowledge Management Handbook

Knowledge Management Handbook Author Jay Liebowitz
ISBN-10 9781439878033
Release 2012-06-25
Pages 342
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Recent research shows that collaboration and social networking foster knowledge sharing and innovation by sparking new connections, ideas, and practices. Yet these informal networks are often misunderstood and poorly managed. Building on the groundbreaking, bestselling first edition, Knowledge Management Handbook: Collaboration and Social Networking, Second Edition focuses on two key elements in knowledge management: collaboration and social networking. To Innovate, Connect the People Jay Liebowitz, one of the top knowledge management authorities in the world, brings together 15 articles by researchers and practitioners who are among the leaders in their fields. They present numerous applications, concepts, techniques, methodologies, issues, and trends related to collaboration and social networking in a knowledge management context. They also point out areas that need more work, such as how to measure the impact of knowledge-sharing efforts in terms of innovation, profits, and customer perceptions. What Can You Learn from Your Informal Organization? Packed with case studies, this handbook explores how you can share knowledge, make connections, and generate new ideas through collaboration and interaction. It is a valuable reference and classroom text for those engaged in knowledge management, particularly from a collaboration and social networking perspective.



Thinking as Communicating

Thinking as Communicating Author Anna Sfard
ISBN-10 9781139467995
Release 2008-01-21
Pages
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This book is an attempt to change our thinking about thinking. Anna Sfard undertakes this task convinced that many long-standing, seemingly irresolvable quandaries regarding human development originate in ambiguities of the existing discourses on thinking. Standing on the shoulders of Vygotsky and Wittgenstein, the author defines thinking as a form of communication. The disappearance of the time-honoured thinking-communicating dichotomy is epitomised by Sfard's term, commognition, which combines communication with cognition. The commognitive tenet implies that verbal communication with its distinctive property of recursive self-reference may be the primary source of humans' unique ability to accumulate the complexity of their action from one generation to another. The explanatory power of the commognitive framework and the manner in which it contributes to our understanding of human development is illustrated through commognitive analysis of mathematical discourse accompanied by vignettes from mathematics classrooms.



Identity and Agency in Cultural Worlds

Identity and Agency in Cultural Worlds Author Dorothy Holland
ISBN-10 0674005627
Release 2001
Pages 349
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This text addresses the central problem in anthropological theory of the late 1990s - the paradox that humans are both products of social discipline and creators of remarkable improvisation.



Handbook of Research on Education and Technology in a Changing Society

Handbook of Research on Education and Technology in a Changing Society Author Wang, Victor C. X.
ISBN-10 9781466660472
Release 2014-05-31
Pages 1217
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Technology has become an integral part of our everyday lives. This trend in ubiquitous technology has also found its way into the learning process at every level of education. The Handbook of Research on Education and Technology in a Changing Society offers an in-depth description of concepts related to different areas, issues, and trends within education and technological integration in modern society. This handbook includes definitions and terms, as well as explanations of concepts and processes regarding the integration of technology into education. Addressing all pertinent issues and concerns in education and technology in our changing society with a wide breadth of discussion, this handbook is an essential collection for educators, academicians, students, researchers, and librarians.



Digital Habitats

Digital Habitats Author Etienne Wenger
ISBN-10 9780982503607
Release 2009
Pages 227
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Technology has changed what it means for communities to "be together." Digital tools are now part of most communities' habitats. This book develops a new literacy and language to describe the practice of stewarding technology for communities. Whether you want to ground your technology stewardship in theory and deepen your practice, whether you are a community leader or sponsor who wants to understand how communities and technology intersect, or whether you just want practical advice, this is the book for you.



Leveraging Communities of Practice for Strategic Advantage

Leveraging Communities of Practice for Strategic Advantage Author Hubert Saint-Onge
ISBN-10 9781136387784
Release 2012-07-26
Pages 370
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How can you build a successful community of practice that is integrally linked to your company's strategic vision? Learn from the first-hand experience of Hubert Saint-Onge, recognized by Fortune magazine as a leader in the field of knowledge capital, and co-author Debra Wallace, the people responsible for a recent project to establish a community of practice for independent agents at Clarica Life Insurance Company— voted one of the most admired knowledge enterprises in the world by practitioners and researchers. 'Leveraging Communities of Practice for Strategic Advantage' combines theory and practice to outline a model for developing successful communities of practice and proposes a direction for establishing communities of practice as an integral part of the organizational structure. Saint-Onge and Wallace relate what worked, what didn't, and why as they tell the story from inception through implementation to assessment. Whether you're developing communities of practice or want to learn how to leverage existing communities for strategic gain, this book provides you with everything you need to launch successful communities of practice in your organization.



Building Successful Communities of Practice

Building Successful Communities of Practice Author Emily Webber
ISBN-10 095749193X
Release 2016-02-23
Pages 80
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Connecting with other people, finding a sense of belonging and the need for support are natural human desires. Employees who don't feel supported at work don't stay around for long - or if they do, they quickly become unmotivated and unhappy. At a time when organisational structures are flattening and workforces are increasingly fluid, supporting and connecting people is more important than ever. This is where organisational communities of practice come in. Communities of practice have many valuable benefits. They include accelerating professional development; breaking down organisational silos; enabling knowledge sharing and management; building better practice; helping to hire and retain staff; and making people happier. In this book, Emily Webber shares her learning from personal experiences of building successful communities of practice within organisations. And along the way, she gives practical guidance on creating your own.



Mind As Action

Mind As Action Author James V. Wertsch
ISBN-10 9780199761562
Release 1998-01-08
Pages 224
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Contemporary social problems typically involve many complex, interrelated dimensions--psychological, cultural, and institutional, among others. But today, the social sciences have fragmented into isolated disciplines lacking a common language, and analyses of social problems have polarized into approaches that focus on an individual's mental functioning over social settings, or vice versa. In Mind as Action, James V. Wertsch argues that current approaches to social issues have been blinded by the narrow confines of increasing specialization in the social sciences. In response to this conceptual blindness, he proposes a method of sociocultural analysis that connects the various perspectives of the social sciences in an integrated, nonreductive fashion. Wertsch maintains that we can use mediated action, which he defines as the irreducible tension between active agents and cultural tools, as a productive method of explicating the complicated relationships between human action and its manifold cultural, institutional, and historical contexts. Drawing on the ideas of Lev Vygotsky, Mikhail Bakhtin, and Kenneth Burke, as well as research from various fields, this book traces the implications of mediated action for a sociocultural analysis of the mind, as well as for some of today's most pressing social issues. Wertsch's investigation of forms of mediated action such as stereotypes and historical narratives provide valuable new insights into issues such as the mastery, appropriation, and resistance of culture. By providing an analytic unit that has the possibility of operating at the crossroads of various disciplines, Mind as Action will be important reading for academics, students, and researchers in psychology, linguistics, cognitive science, sociology, literary analysis, and philosophy.



Learning Social Interaction and Diversity Exploring Identities in School Practices

Learning  Social Interaction and Diversity     Exploring Identities in School Practices Author Eva Hjörne
ISBN-10 9789460918032
Release 2012-09-05
Pages 239
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The main idea of the book is to contribute to a broader understanding of learning, identity and diversity by presenting actual research findings that were retrieved from classroom settings and related social practices. Learning is to a large extent an ongoing social process as both students and their teachers learn by being part of shared social practices through social interactions that facilitate learning gains. Sociocultural research shows that the organization of schooling promotes or restricts learning, and is a crucial factor to understand how children from a diversity of backgrounds profit from instruction. This is a first urgent issue to be considered by teachers and teacher education in our socio and culturally diverse society. A second issue is the on-going debate about learning as a process that involves the construction of identities in schools and classrooms, and in the transitions between school and home practices. Last but not least, since school practices can be addressed from the perspective of diversity and special educational needs an on-going discussion about optimizing pedagogical approaches is of main importance to allow maximum educational effectiveness. Our potential audience for this book are researchers, post-graduate students in education and psychology, teachers, teacher education, other academics and policy makers.



Funds of Identity

Funds of Identity Author Moisès Esteban-Guitart
ISBN-10 9781107147119
Release 2016-08-18
Pages 150
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This book provides an invaluable resource for researchers who wish to improve education by bridging students, school, family, and community resources. Based in connecting experiences in and out of school, it suggests a strategy to put students' practices, cultures, and identities in the center of a twenty-first-century education.



Knowledge in Action

Knowledge in Action Author Annemarie van Paassen
ISBN-10 9789086867240
Release 2011-10-05
Pages 319
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Wageningen Univerisity and Research Centre is known for its practical and societally relevant research in spatial development. Stakeholders currently put much emphasis on participatory processes in landscape planning procedures. This poses a special challenge for research. What role does research play in our present world characterised by complexity, competing claims and development needs, and an increased concern for climate change and environmental impact? In the book 'Knowledge in Action' we explore different types of transdisciplinary research that scientists engage in. Depending on the societal context and the interests of local citizens, researchers apply different research approaches to optimally incorporate the various points of view in their research and promote processes enhancing dialogue and shared results. In the book authors present their research experiences: their theoretical inspiration, the research methodology applied to consult, share and collaborate with societal actors in order to create options for change. The book includes several striking examples from The Netherlands (both successful and less effective), and also innovative examples from communities in Africa and Asia. The authors reflect on opportunities, problems and dilemma's they had to deal with. They especially address how far the role and theoretical perspectives of collaborative researchers can lead them in action research. Can they limit themselves to joint knowledge production and learning processes or should they engage in strategic positioning, advocacy and entrepreneurship to make it happen? The book discusses the issues that researchers should consider when they position their research activities within ongoing developments at landscape level. Read the book and judge for yourself.